Dry Needling

Also known as Trigger Point Therapy Dry needling, Intramuscular needle therapy, Myofascial dry needling.

Also known as Trigger Point Therapy Dry needling, Intramuscular needle therapy, Myofascial dry needling.

Dry needling involves inserting a needle into myofascial trigger points-small muscle knots/taunt bands that are highly sensitive and painful to the touch. This therapeutic procedure is used to relieve pain, improve joint range of motion, and address neuromuscular conditions, such as nerve issues that cause muscular pain and weakness.

A minimally invasive treatment with a low risk of complication, research shows dry needling is possibly effective in relieving acute and chronic pain when used along with other treatments including Chiropractic care, stretching, massage, ultrasound, electrical nerve stimulation, and heat therapy.

Purpose of Procedure

Dry needling is an outpatient procedure that involves inserting fine, short stainless steel needles into skin and muscle at trigger points. This helps release knots and relieve pain and muscle spasms.

Typically performed by an orthopedic doctor, chiropractor, or physical therapist during an office visit, dry needling may be used to treat:

  • Disk problems
  • Jaw and mouth problems, such as temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD)
  • Joint problems
  • Muscle weakness
  • Myofascial pain
  • Migraine and tension-type headaches
  • Pelvic pain
  • Phantom pain
  • Post-herpetic neuralgia (pain left behind by shingles)
  • Reduced range of motion
  • Repetitive motion disorders, like carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Scar-tissue buildup
  • Spinal problems
  • Tendonitis
  • Whiplash


Trigger points are sensitive areas of tight fibers that are believed to form after injuries or overuse. A natural protective measure in response to injury, repetitive motion, or sustained postures, these bands can become knots if left unresolved.

Pain from trigger points is believed to be caused by decreased blood flow leading to hypoxia (lack of oxygen) within the trigger point. When active, trigger points cause spontaneous local or referred pain, muscle weakness, and restricted range of motion. Latent trigger points do not cause pain unless they are stimulated but can lead to stiffness and reduced range of motion.